20.05.2019 kl 09:23 3699

Her er abstractene til årets ASCO:

1) A phase II study of bemcentinib (BGB324), a first-in-class highly selective AXL inhibitor, with pembrolizumab in pts with advanced NSCLC: OS for stage I and preliminary stage II efficacy.

Background: AXL is an RTK implicated in epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition and as a resistance mechanism to multiple therapies including anti-PD1. Bemcentinib (BGB324) is a first-in-class, oral, highly selective and potent AXL inhibitor which has been demonstrated to enhance anti-PD1 therapy in the pre-clinical setting. Methods: This is a Phase II single-arm, two-Stage study with bemcentinib (200mg/d) and pembrolizumab (200 mg/q3wk) for previously treated, IO naïve pts (n = 48 in total) with Stage IV lung adenocarcinoma. The primary endpoint was ORR according to RECIST 1.1 with pre-defined minimum requirement for 18% RR in the first Stage (n = 24) to proceed to Stage 2. Secondary endpoints included DCR, PFS, OS and safety. Tumour biopsies were analysed for PD-L1 (22C3 pharmDx), AXL, and infiltrating immune cells. Results: Stage 1 completed enrolment in Apr ‘18. As of Feb ‘19, 38 pts (24 and 14 in Stage 1 and 2, respectively) have been dosed with the combination; median age 66 (range 39-79) yr, 59% male, all previously received one prior line of platinum-based chemotherapy or a licensed EGFR/ALK-directed therapy. The most common TRAEs (occurring in > 15% of pts) were transaminase increases (37%), diarrhoea (29%), and asthenia (17%). All cases of transaminase increase were reversible and resolved with concomitant administration of systemic corticosteroids and interruption of study treatments. At time of writing, Stage 1 had met the efficacy threshold to proceed to Stage 2 with continued enrolment. Among 29 pts evaluable for response 7 PRs were reported (24%). For AXL positive pts (10/21 with available biopsies), ORR was 40%. PD-L1 status was known for 5 responders: 4 pts (80%) were PD-L1 negative or weakly positive. In Stage 1, mPFS was 4.0 months (95% CI 1.9 – NR) and 5.9 months in AXL positive pts (n = 10; 3.0 - NR). mOS was not mature. Conclusions: Overall, bemcentinib in combination with pembrolizumab was well tolerated and promising clinical activity was seen, particularly in pts with AXL positive disease. Updated results will be reported at the meeting, incl 12-month OS for Stage 1 and preliminary efficacy of Stage 2. Clinical trial information: NCT03184571

2) First-in class selective AXL inhibitor bemcentinib (BGB324) in combination with LDAC or decitabine exerts anti-leukaemic activity in AML patients unfit for intensive chemotherapy: Phase II open-label study.

Background: The RTK AXL represents a therapeutic target promoting AML cell proliferation and survival by pleiotropic mechanisms and is a negative regulator of anti-tumour immunity. Bemcentinib is a first-in-class, highly selective, oral AXL inhibitor that has previously shown encouraging anti-leukaemic activity as a monotherapy in r/r AML and hr-MDS. Methods: A monotherapy dose-escalation and expansion part of this trial is complete. In this second, phase II part of the study, 11 and 15 AML pts unfit for intensive chemotherapy received bemcentinib at RP2D (200 mg po/d) in combination with low-dose cytarabine (LDAC) and decitabine, respectively. Median age was 77 yr (range: 50-83), median screen myeloblast count 39% (3-95%) and 2/19 (11%) of pts evaluable for FLT3 were FLT3+. Plasma protein biomarker levels were measured using the DiscoveryMap v3.3 panel (Myriad RBM) at screen and following treatment. Results: The most common TRAEs (≥ 15% of pts) were ECG QT prolongation (35%) and diarrhoea (15%). Among these, 3 were Grade 3, and none 4 or 5. All TRAEs were manageable and/or reversible. As of Feb ‘19, 9 pts (2 de novo, 1 secondary, 6 r/r) in the bemcentinib + LDAC group were evaluable for response and 4 (44%; 2 de novo + 2 relapsed) achieved rapid CRi at C2D1. Responses were durable (range: 7 – 11 cycles) in 3 of the 4 responders. A further 2 pts (22%, 1 secondary + 1 relapsed) achieved durable SD (5 and 6 cycles). mPFS among the 5 pts with durable CRi or SD was 5 months (range: 3.5-7.7). Further, at the time of writing, 11 pts (8 de novo, 3 r/r) in the bemcentinib + decitabine group were evaluable for response of which 4 (36%, all de novo) achieved CRi after ≥ 4 cycles. One additional de novo pt achieved durable SD lasting for 5 cycles. Conclusions: Bemcentinib in combination with LDAC exerted early durable responses in patients with both de novo and relapsed AML whilst the combination of bemcentinib + decitabine exerted comparably fewer and later responses in de novo AML. Soluble biomarker correlations will be presented at the meeting. Both combinations were generally well-tolerated and further exploration is warranted. Clinical trial information: NCT02488408

Dette skal altså kjøres de første dagene i juni, så det er bare å følge med :-)

Enkelt sagt: begge linjer kvalifiserer til videreføring.
Redigert 20.05.2019 kl 09:30

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