QEC-Nu er Pierre Moreau positiv til naturgas i Quebec

12.06.2018 kl 14:50 6905

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The Couillard government is investing in a plan with a total investment of $ 6 billion over the next five years to concretely launch the "energy transition" in Quebec, thereby reducing our spending on oil. But the "road map" presented Monday indicates that natural gas consumption should increase, as well as that of petroleum coke and coal.

"The energy transition is challenging all sectors of the economy," insisted Minister of Energy and Natural Resources Pierre Moreau, outlining the "Master Plan in Transition, Energy Efficiency and Innovation of Quebec."

"This transition must be an opportunity to stand out by rethinking our ways of producing ever cleaner energy and consuming it better," he added. "Quebec has everything to make a successful transition and to grow and prosper. "

The Couillard government therefore expects total investments of $ 6 billion for the period 2018-2023, in order to finance 225 various measures that aim in particular to reduce our consumption of "petroleum products" in the order of 12%, compared to 2013 reference year. This first target must put Quebec on the path to achieving the goal of reducing by 40% this consumption by 2030.

Gas and coal

Conversely , the consumption of natural gas must increase during the same period. According to data released Monday in the government's Blueprint, consumption is expected to increase by 12% by 2023, and by 15.3% over the 2013-2030 period.

Is this energetic industry a good choice, given that gas produced in North America is coming from more and more shale gas deposits? Yes, according to Minister Moreau. "There is a significant reduction in greenhouse gases through the use of natural gas, but it is a transitional energy," he added.

A point of view shared by the main natural gas distributor in Quebec, Énergir, which is also directly associated with the plan. But for the former co-chair of the Commission on Energy Issues, Normand Mousseau, natural gas is not a transitional energy. "We must get out of the hydrocarbon era by 2050," he said Monday.

Shale gas and tight gas should account for 70% to 90% of North American production by 2035.

This sector, which the Couillard government renounced for Quebec last week, generates significant quantities in addition to using up to 10 million liters of water per well.

The government also expects a 40% increase in the consumption of coal and petroleum coke (a by-product of refining) in Quebec by 2030. This increase is mainly attributable to the McInnis cement plant, located in the Gaspé Peninsula, which is a major industrial polluter.

"As part of the Master Plan, we will look with them at the possibilities of conversion to cleaner energies," said the president and CEO of Transition energetics Quebec, Johanne Gelinas.

The government also hopes to accelerate the electrification of transport. Currently, approximately 25,000 electric vehicles run on Québec's roads, for a car fleet that exceeds 4.5 million vehicles.

In this context, "the government must continue to be an important player by subsidizing the purchase of electric vehicles, but also the circuit of fast charging stations," said Minister Moreau.

Energetic efficiency

Quebec also considers it necessary to increase "energy efficiency".

"Quebecers still consume too much electricity. Even though this energy is clean and renewable, we must set targets for increasing energy efficiency, because the energy we do not consume can be available for other purposes, "said Pierre Moreau. .

It is a question of "regulating energy efficiency", notably through the Building Code. However, this will be a "voluntary approach," said Ms. Johanne Gélinas on Monday.

Holder of the chair of management of the energy sector at HEC Montréal, Pierre-Olivier Pineau believes that the government plan "prepares the ground for the transition rather than initiates it in the short term."

But, he says, this plan "introduces all the elements that will be necessary for the transition," particularly in terms of land use planning and "behavioral changes" among Quebeckers.